Gibbs’ reflective cycle
Gibbs’ Reflective Cycle was developed by Graham Gibbs in 1988 to give structure to learning from experiences. It offers a framework for examining experiences, and given its cyclic nature lends itself particularly well to repeated experiences, allowing you to learn and plan from things that either went well or didn’t go well. This is arguably one of the most famous models of reflection leading you through different stages to make sense of an experience. It covers 6 stages:
Pros: Good old Gibbs. Basic, good starting point, six distinctive stages. Makes you aware of all the stages you go through when experiencing an event.
Cons: superficial reflection- no referral to critical thinking/analysis/assumptions or viewing it from a different perspective (Atkins & Murphy 1993). Does not have the number or depth of probing questions as other models.
Gibbs, G. (1988). Learning by Doing: A guide to teaching and learning methods. London: Further Education Unit.