January 9, 2020

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Address how its related incentives influence the adoption of health information technology in health care and impact the quality of patient care PLACE THIS ORDER OR […]
January 9, 2020

Discuss the authors summary about the validity and reliability of the instrument.

Quantitative articleStudents with the last name beginning with A-LBortz, A., Ashkenazi, T., & Melnikov, S. (2015). Spirituality as a predictive factor for signing an organ donor […]
January 9, 2020

Analyze theories from nursing and relevant fields with respect to their components, relationships among the components, logic of the propositions, comprehensiveness, and utility to advanced nursing.

dq 1 Importance of Theory in Nursing (graded) Develop a brief argument for the importance or significance of nursing theory in the profession of nursing. Use a specific nursing theory to illustrate your points. Welcome to your first threaded discussion! I’m excited to share ideas and experiences with you all in the coming weeks. Be sure to review the information regarding the evaluation of threaded discussion postings located in the syllabus. All the threaded discussions are tied into the AACN Master’s Essentials on which the program and course outcomes (PO or CO) are based. Every week I will post the program outcome that is listed for each week under “Outcomes”. Here is the PO on which this thread will focus: Analyze theories from nursing and relevant fields with respect to their components, relationships among the components, logic of the propositions, comprehensiveness, and utility to advanced nursing. (PO#1) Please reflect on how these outcomes are met through our discussion questions for the week. The questions are not random but developed with this purpose in mind. The focus of this discussion is on why nursing theory is or is not useful to the nursing profession. Consider your nursing career/experiences to this point–then read the assigned chapter in the textbook. Now apply the information along with your thoughts/opinions. Be sure to cite references that go beyond the textbook! In this manner we will certainly meet the programoutcomes listed above as we look at theories and their components and how they serve advanced nursing. Looking forward to your thoughts, dq 2 Historical Phases (graded) Describe your thoughts about one of the historical phases of theory development. As you begin this discussion take just one more moment to reflect on the following PO: Analyze theories from nursing and relevant fields with respect to their components, relationships among the components, logic of the propositions, comprehensiveness, and utility to advanced nursing. (PO #1) As you consider your comments concerning the historical phases of theory development, I would encourage you to consider some of the following items: 1. Why was the particular phase significant to the time period and to why is it significant to current theory development? 2. Who were some of the key figures that were present during this historical phase? What specialized expertise and knowledge did they bring both to nursing and to the process of the theory development? 3. What lessons can we continue to learn from this phase? 4. How will the future of theory be different because of this development? These are just a few questions to help to frame your thoughts. Please feel free to go beyond these within your response. I look forward to your thoughts, devry nr501 week 2 discssion dq1 & dq 2 latest 2016 may dq 1 Significance of a Metaparadigm (graded) Hi Class, this week’s discussion will focus on the following POs: Analyze theories from nursing and relevant fields with respect to their components, relationships among the components, logic of the propositions, comprehensiveness, and utility to advanced nursing. (PO#1) Demonstrate logical and creative thinking in the analysis and application of a theory to nursing practice. (PO#4) This week, this TD question relates to the course outcome addressing the components of theory and the other professions that utilize theories. We need to consider that nursing is not the only profession which utilizes theories. Many professions developed theories before nursing understood how important they were/are. Last week, the focus was to consider, in general, the impact of nursing theory on the profession. This week we are going to pull apart nursing theory and take a look at how a theory is constructed. For any profession, it is important to know/identify the metaparadigms that reflect that profession. For example when you think of physical therapy–what do you think of?? When you think of nursing, what critically important elements need to be defined so that if they were left out, the entire profession would be adversely impacted? For most nursing theorists, the four key elements are: Person, Health, Environment, and Nursing (interesting that nursing is used to define/explain itself!) So consider all of the metaparadigms (or a different one–there are others) and describe how it is significant to nursing practice. Be sure that you review what is and is not a metaparadigm. Through our discussion we will meet our program outcomes this week to analyze the components of nursing theory. Your posts will reflect your ability to critically think and discuss the application of theory to nursing practice. Looking forward to your thoughts, . Please answer this question: How are the four concepts in nursing’s metaparadigm (person, environment, health, and nursing practice) significant to your practice and philosophy of nursing? dq 2 Research, Theory, and Practice Cycle (graded) Hi Class, this discussion will focus on the following POs: Analyze theories from nursing and relevant fields with respect to their components, relationships among the components, logic of the propositions, comprehensiveness, and utility to advanced nursing. (PO#1) Demonstrate logical and creative thinking in the analysis and application of a theory to nursing practice. (PO#4) This week, I also want you to consider how the knowledge base that supports the profession grows/develops. Why? Because I want to consider how nursing theory impacts our knowledge base. To do this, you will have to see that nursing theory is different from knowledge. When I use the term “theory” or “nursing theory”, I’m only referring to published works by individuals who try to define/explain the nursing profession. People like Roy, Orem, etc. By reflecting, reading and analyzing theories, we will be meeting the objectives as listed. So take a minute–draw a circle, and put the three elements along the path of the circle. What happens to knowledge if you start with research? What happens to knowledge if you start with practice? Should research always occur before practice? Remember, there is no right or wrong answers but use the literature to support your opinion as you analyzed the information. Looking forward to your thoughts, For this discussion, answer this question: Experts describe nursing as a cycle of nursing research, practice, and theory. Experts also propose that entry into this cycle can be made from any point. Explain your agreement or disagreement with each statement. devry nr501 week 3 discssion dq1 & dq 2 latest 2016 may dq1 Concept Analysis (graded) Concept Analysis Hello class, concept and theory analysis are powerful tools that assist in providing clarity for our nursing practice. Concept and theory analysis are the vehicles used to demonstrate to others key components of our profession. Concepts are foundational to any nursing theory (Parker & Smith, 2010). They also are key ingredients within the research process. When the primary investigator (PI) decides on the specific concepts to be studied, these concepts require both a theoretical and operational definition. Providing both definitions enables the PI to describe the concept usage within the study and exactly how it will be measured or operationalized. The question is: Are all concepts universal? This week’s discussion will focus on the following POs: Analyze theories from nursing and relevant fields with respect to their components, relationships among the components, logic of the propositions, comprehensiveness, and utility to advanced nursing. (PO #1) Demonstrate logical and creative thinking in the analysis and application of a theory to nursing practice. (PO #4) Key Concepts: · Difference between the received and perceived schools of scientific thought · Significance of theory in nursing · Process associated with theory development · Methods used for analysis of nursing theory and the use of these methods in professional practice Key Concepts: · Process associated with theory development · Methods used for analysis of nursing theory and the use of these methods in professional practice I look forward to our discussion! For this discussion, please answer this question: Concept and theory analysis are powerful tools that assist in providing clarity for our nursing practice. Concept and theory analysis are the vehicles used to demonstrate to others key components of our profession. Which step of concept analysis do you feel is most critical in theory development? dq 2 Steps of Concept Analysis (graded) Hello class, concept and theory analysis are powerful tools that assist in providing clarity for our nursing practice. Concept and theory analysis are the vehicles used to demonstrate to others key components of our profession. The steps for conducting a concept analysis are as follows: 1) Select a concept; 2) determine the purposes of the analysis; 3) identify all uses of the concept; 4) define attributes; 5) identify a model case of the concept; 6) identify consequences of the concept; and 7) define empirical references of the concept (Walker & Avant, 2010). This particular thread addresses the following PO: Demonstrate logical and creative thinking in the analysis and application of a theory to nursing practice. (PO #4) Key Concepts: · Process associated with theory development · Methods used for analysis of nursing theory and the use of these methods in professional practice. I look forward to reading your responses! For this discussion, please answer this question: Provide a brief example of a concept to analyze in our nursing profession (e.g., caring, healing, comfort, diversity). Briefly outline the steps in the analysis of this concept. devry nr501 week 4 discssion dq1 & dq 2 latest 2016 may dq 1 Connection Between Theory and Practice (graded) Hello Class, Our Course Objectives (CO) for this week and corresponding MSN Program Objective (PO) are: Analyze theories from nursing and relevant fields with respect to their components, relationships among the components, logic of the propositions, comprehensiveness, and utility to advanced nursing. (PO #1) Examine instances where theory is used to guide the development of new knowledge and implementation of evidence-based practice. (PO #6). Grand theories are more abstract or general in nature and middle-range theories that are more specific in nature. What relationship(s) do you find between grand nursing theories and clinical practice? Provide one example that uses a specific grand theory to support your views. I look forward to reading your examples! For this week’s discussion, please answer this question: What relationship(s) do you find between grand nursing theories and application to clinical practice? Provide one example that uses a specific grand range theory to support your views. dq 2 Viewpoints on Theory (graded) Hello Class, Our Course Objectives (CO) for this week and corresponding MSN Program Objective (PO) are: Analyze theories from nursing and relevant fields with respect to their components, relationships among the components, logic of the propositions, comprehensiveness, and utility to advanced nursing. (PO #1) Examine instances where theory is used to guide the development of new knowledge and implementation of evidence-based practice. (PO #6). In our readings we have found middle range nursing theories to be less abstract than grand theories. The decrease in abstraction of the middle-range nursing theory lends itself to the development of a hypothesis or scientific testing. With this in mind, we can imagine that middle-range nursing theories could more easily demonstrate a relationship to evidence-based practice. An example of a middle-range theory is Swanson’s theory of caring. This theory assists nurses in the process for research studies (McEwen & Wllis, 2011). Evidenced-based practice (EBP) links evidence to clinical practice. EBP incorporates research into clinical practice. What relationships do you find between middle-range nursing theories and evidence-based practice? Provide one example of a middle range theory to support your views. Looking forward to your examples! Please answer this question for this discussion: What relationship(s) do you find between middle-range nursing theories and evidence-based practice? Provide one example that uses a specific middle-range theory to support your views.
January 9, 2020

Which of the following is NOT a recommended step in an individual’s portfolio management process?

FINC 6399 – Investments (Private Equity, Hedge Funds, Portfolio Theory & Derivatives) Quiz 3 Please enter your answers by the due date mentioned in syllabus, unless extended in Blackboard. 1. Which of the following is NOT a recommended step in an individual’s portfolio management process? A. A template based investment allocation strategy. B. Creation of an investment policy statement. C. Analysis of capital market conditions. 2. All of the following are reasons for creating an investment policy statement (IPS), EXCEPT A. Identification of specific return goals. B. Awareness of client’s risk tolerance. C. Guarantee of maximum return. 3. An IPS can be used for all of the following purposes EXCEPT A. as a standard or benchmark for performance evaluation. B. for getting a client the highest possible return irrespective of his disposition and circumstance. C. as a basis for communication between the client and the manager. 4. An individual’s risk tolerance is affected by all of the following factors EXCEPT A. current consumption. B. age or time horizon. C. wealth. 5. Someone who is seeking capital preservation A. would seek high current income. B. would seek high capital gains. C. would seek to earn at least as much as the rate of inflation. 6. Which of the following may NOT be a constraint for Mark? A. Mark’s portfolio is invested in his employer’s stock to the extent of 50%. B. Mark wants to donate 50,000 to a charity in 3 years. C. Mark has an aged mother who lives in a nursing home and is his dependent. 7. Which of the following is a liquidity constraint for June who is 45 years old? A. She needs 20,000 in six months for a down payment on a house. B. She wants to buy a vacation condo in five years. C. She wants to leave 100,000 to her alma mater upon her death from her estate if there are sufficient assets. 8. Christine Phillips is in the 25% tax bracket. She is considering a taxable bond which yields 6.5%. A tax-exempt municipal bond yields 4%. What is the tax-equivalent yield for the muni and which security should Christina buy? A. 3.00%, buy the taxable bond. B. 4.88%, buy the tax-exempt bond. C. 5.33%, buy the taxable bond. 9. When comparing tax deferred and non-deductible investments A. an investor may be better off with non-deductible investments as future income may be tax exempt. B. an investor is better off with tax deferred investments as future taxes will be lower. C. an investor should be indifferent between the two. 10. When diversifying a portfolio, A. an investor may be faced with a myriad of securities that deciding among them is impossible. B. an investor may be faced with a large capital gains tax bill on existing securities which may offset benefits of diversification. C. an investor would do well to imitate an average investor’s portfolio. 11. For investment purposes, individuals are assumed to be A. attracted to risk. B. indifferent to risk. C. averse to risk. 12. Markowitz assumes all of the following about individuals EXCEPT A. that they seek to earn the highest rate of return available in the capital market. B. that they maximize their expected utility. C. that their utility functions can be represented by risk (variability of return) and return. 13. A portfolio is said to be efficient in Markowitz sense if A. it offers the same rate of return as other portfolios irrespective of risk. B. it offers the highest rate of return for a given level of risk. C. it lies on the negatively sloped segment of the outer envelope of feasible investments. The following data applies to questions 14 through 16. The economy is expected to be in a growth phase with a probability of 40%; in a flat mode with a probability of 25%; and, in a contracting phase with a probability of 35%. 14. If the stock of Giant Motors (GM) is expected to earn 18%, 7% and –12% in the three stares respectively, what is the expected return on GM stock? A. 4.33% B. 13.15% C. 4.75% 15. What is the variance of the return on GM stock? A. 461.18 B. 169.61 C. 32.25 16. What is the standard deviation of the return on GM stock? A. 13.03% B. 1.12% C. 5.68% 17. A portfolio contains two stocks, X and Y. Expected return on X is 12.5%, and expected return on Y is 19.4%. If X and Y represent 30% and 70% of the portfolio respectively, what is the expected return on the portfolio? A. 17.33% B. 16.00% C. 50.00% 18. The covariance between two stocks – Galvin Skis and Briton Sports Goods – is 234.56. Their respective standard deviations are 19.55 and 28.94. What is the correlation co-efficient between them? A. 0.17 B 2.41 C. 0.41 19. When a portfolio of many assets is created A. individual asset variances are the most important contributors to portfolio risk. B. individual asset variances are not as important as covariances when it comes to contributing to portfolio risk. C. covariances are irrelevant when it comes to contributing to portfolio risk. 20. The main driver of portfolio diversification is A. expected return on individual securities. B. correlation coefficient between securities. C. variances of securities. 21. Maximum diversification will be achieved with securities that have a correlation coefficient of A. 1. B. 0. C. –1. 22. Efficient frontier A. contains portfolios that have the highest return for a given risk. B. includes the negatively sloped segment of the envelope. C. excludes feasible portfolios. 23. Investors’ utility functions display A. diminishing marginal utility property. B. increasing marginal utility property. C. constant marginal utility property. 24. Indifference curves A. are concave to the origin and slope upward toward the northwest direction. B. intersect each other at least once in the expected return and standard deviation space. C. represent points of indifference for different risk – return combinations and have a positive slope. 25. An investor chooses the most preferred portfolio as A. the one that lies in the interior of the feasible set. B. the one that is in the efficient set and is tangent to the highest possible indifference curve of the individual. C. the one that lies outside the efficient frontier for highest utility. 26. Which of the following statements regarding indifference curves is TRUE? A. more risk averse investors have flatter indifference curves and have optimal portfolios in the northeast corner of the efficient frontier. B. less risk averse investors have flatter indifference curves and have optimal portfolios in the northeast corner of the efficient frontier. C. more risk averse investors have steeper indifference curves and have optimal portfolios in the northeast corner of the efficient frontier. 27. Which of the following is NOT an assumption of the modern portfolio theory? A. Securities may be over or underpriced. B. They have a one-period time horizon and have homogeneous expectations about return and risk of securities. C. The efficient frontier does not change over the time horizon. 28. Introduction of a risk free asset into an economy A. does not raise any investor’s utility. B. does not lower any investor’s utility. C. raises the utility of some investors and lowers the utility of other investors. 29. Which of the following statements regarding the introduction of a risk free asset into an economy is FALSE? A. Some people invest in combinations of the new tangency point and the risk free asset and others invest along the old efficient frontier only. B. The new efficient frontier is a straight line. C. The new efficient frontier is tangent to the old efficient frontier of all risky assets. 30. In the presence of a risk free asset A. investors will always invest in portfolios offering a return between the market return and the risk free asset. B. all investors will invest in portfolios offering returns closer to the risk free asset since the market portfolio is highly risky. C. investors will only invest in linear combinations of the risk free asset and the market portfolio. 31. Since there are no restrictions on borrowing at the risk free rate, A. some investors may short the market portfolio and invest in the risk free asset. B. some investors may short the risk free asset and invest in the market portfolio only. C. many investors will find the market portfolio too risky and they will short both the market and the risk free asset. 32. Capital market line is A. the highest sloping capital allocation line. B. is a flat line joining the risk free asset to all assets to the right. C. is a straight line with a negative slope. 33. In the modern portfolio theory context, the market prices A. the non-systematic risk only. B. both the systematic and non-systematic risk. C. the systematic risk of a security only. 34. The capital asset pricing model is a relationship between A. the required rate of return on a security and its diversifiable risk. B. the required rate of return on a security and its covariance with the market portfolio. C. the required rate of return on a security and its total risk. The following data applies to questions 35 through 39. Covariance of Orion Pharmaceuticals stock with the market portfolio is 0.03754. The market standard deviation is 0.4075%, the risk free rate in the economy is 5% and the market return is 11%. 35. What is the slope of the SML when defined in terms of covariance? A. 66.25 B. 14.72 C. 36.13 36. What is the slope of the SML when expressed in terms of beta? A. 6% B. 11% C. 5% 37. What is the beta of Orion’s stock? A. 0.00 B. 0.23 C. 1.00 38. What is the required rate of return on Orion’s stock? A. 5.54% B. 6.38% C. 5% 39. If the expected return on Orion’s stock is 7%, is the stock over or underpriced? Does it lie above or below the SML? A. Fairly priced, on the SML. B. Underpriced, above the SML. C. Overpriced, above the SML. 40. The covariance between a security and the market is 205, and the market’s standard deviation is 18. If the risk free rate is 5% and the market risk premium 6%, what is the required rate of return on the security? A. 11% B. 8.8% C. 9.8% 41. The required rate of return on a security is 10%. It is expected to pay $110 in a year’s time. If the security is selling for $98 in the market, it will plot A. Above the SML. B. Below the SML. C. On the SML. 42. A security or a portfolio that graphs on the SML, A. has no diversifiable risk. B. has some diversifiable risk. C. cannot say. 43. If the lending and borrowing rates were unequal, which of the following statements would be FALSE? A. The positive relationship between risk and return would still hold. B. The SML will still be a straight line. C. The portfolios of borrowers would not be as profitable as portfolios of lenders. 44. The Sharpe-Linter CAPM does not conclude: A. the market portfolio is mean-variance efficient. B. investors are risk averse. C. excess return is a function of beta or non-diversifiable risk. 45. When short-sales are not allowed A. beta of a security cannot be calculated. B. the efficient frontier in the presence of a risk-free asset is not a straight line. C. the market portfolio is no longer mean-variance efficient. 46. Based on CAPM, if two securities have the same variance but unequal excess returns, A. the market portfolio will contain a higher dollar value of the security with the lower excess return. B. the market portfolio will contain equal dollar values of the two securities. C. the market portfolio will contain a higher dollar value of the security with the higher excess return. 47. Under the single factor scenario, a security has a covariance of 476 with the market portfolio. If the standard deviation of the market portfolio is 20, what is the systematic risk, as a proportion of the total risk (measured as variance) if the security has a standard deviation of 28? A. 72.25% B. 27.75% C. 71.4% 48. Under the single factor scenario, a security has a covariance of 476 with the market portfolio. If the standard deviation of the market portfolio is 20, what is the diversifiable risk (measured as variance) if the security has a standard deviation of 28? A. 14.75 B. 217.56 C. 90.63 49. Which of the following models is not applicable to equities? A. Barclay Group factor model. B. Fama-Factor model. C. MSCI-Barra fundamental factor model. 50. Fundamental factor models are A. dissimilar in terms of some of the factors used compared to the Fama-French model. B. dissimlar from the Fama-French model when it compares to the marlet porfolio. C. equivalent to the Fama-French model. 51. Which of the following factors is not includeed in MSCI fundamental factor model? A. Estimated earnings growth. B. Price to Book ratio. C. Firm size. 52. If you are creating a macroeconomic factor model, which of the following factors would not be included? A. GDP growth. B. Dividend yield on the S&P 500. C. Interest rates. 53. Which of the following factors would be used in a bond factor model? A. Optionality risk. B. GDP growth rate. C. Issuer size. 54. Latent factors are used to A. estimate impact of known factors on a variable of interest, such as stock returns. B. weed out the effect of market portfolio. C. understand phenomena that are difficult to explain, by reducing the potential causes that drive a model. 55. The Arbitrage Pricing Theory assumes that returns on assets are A. generated by a number of known finite factors. B. generated by a number of finite but unknown factors. C. generated by a non-linear combination of finite but unknown factors. 56. The Arbitrage Pricing Theory does not depend on A. a linear return generating process. B. a multi-factor model that generates returns. C. expectations of returns.
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