Topic: Critiquing research articles
Critique the articles send as attachment according to framework given below.
Framework for How to Read and Critique a Research Study
1. Critiquing the research article
a. Title – Does it accurately describe the article?
b. Abstract – Is it representative of the article?
c. Introduction – Does it make the purpose of the article clear?
d. Statement of the problem – Is the problem properly introduced?
e. Purpose of the study – Has the reason for conducting the research been explained?
f. Research question(s) – Is/are the research question(s) clearly defined and if not, should they be?
g. Theoretical framework – Is the theoretical framework described? If there is not a theoretical framework, should there be?
h. Literature review – Is the literature review relevant to the study,
comprehensive, and include recent research? Does the literature review support the need for the study?
i. Methods – Is the design appropriate for the study? Does the sample fit with the research design and is the size sufficient? Was a data collection instrument needed?
How were data collected? Were reliability and validity accounted for?
j. Analysis – Is the analytical approach consistent with the study questions and research design?
k. Results – Are the results presented clearly in the text, tables and figures? Are the statistics clearly explained?
l. Discussion – Are the results explained in relationship to the theoretical framework, research questions, and the significance to nursing?
m. Limitations – Are the limitations presented and their implications discussed?
n. Conclusion – Are there recommendations for nursing practice, future research, and policymakers?
2. Determine the level and quality of the evidence using a scale (several can be found
in ANA’s Research Toolkit www.nursingworld.org/Research-Toolkit/Appraising-theEvidence)
Nursing practice essay
Case Study One:
Kate is 17 years old, having just been admitted to hospital following a collapse at work (exact cause unknown). The accident and emergency staff recommended hospitalisation as she was found to be mildly dehydrated and hypoglycaemic. At handover the A&E nurse mentioned a referral to psychiatry had been made as the registrar suspected Kate might have an eating disorder.
Kate is a rather remarkable young lady in that she lives independently whilst studying for two A- Levels at night school. She tells you that she was an adoptee given back to foster care, and then abused by her carer. She is now an independent minor who works 30 hours per week in the local supermarket to support herself. Kate has absolutely no family support.
Kate is scared, stating that she doesn’t want to see the on-call psychiatrist and that she will discharge herself from care if he arrives on the ward.
Whilst you are completing your admission paperwork with Kate, the psychiatrist walks onto the ward.
Explore your professional, ethical and legal obligations towards Kate.
Case Study Two:
As a first year student nurse you are shadowing the ward sister whilst she is caring for six patients on an acute medical admissions ward. It is a bank holiday Monday and the ward is severely short staffed with the agency unable to fulfil the shortfall (it is a sunny day).
Two of your patient’s Mr. Arnold and Mr. Ahmed require their pain medication of Oramorph. As this is a controlled drug, the ward sister asks a colleague to assist.
Two hours later, Mr. Arnold who has mild learning disabilities is shouting at his visitors that the nurses are withholding his pain medication. Mr. Arnold informs you that his syringe of Oramorph was only half full.
Mr. Ahmed who is receiving palliative care has been unusually quiet all afternoon.
You find the ward sister to inform her about Mr. Arnold’s pain and Mr. Ahmed being sleepy all afternoon. The ward sister initially looks horrified but then states “the syringes must have got mixed up; I’ll top up Mr. Arnold’s pain relief, no harm done”.
Explore your professional, ethical and legal obligations towards Mr. Arnold and Mr. Ahmed