Explain the background of the urban planning problem being addressed –Discuss why the problem is a “wicked” one:
PUP 301 Introduction to Urban Planning
Assignment 1—Wicked Urban Problems in the News
Wicked urban problems are all around us. They also appear in the news…often surrounded by controversy. Such wicked problems help illustrate the politically-charged nature of urban planning. This assignment requires you to conduct an analysis of the news to identify an example of a “wicked” urban problem that is making headlines.
Completing the Essay
Search the news for articles addressing urban issues that fit the four criteria for “wicked” problems discussed in class. Your task for this assignment is to identify a real-life example that illustrates the political, and often controversial, nature of the planning process. The example you find can be local or in another city, can relate to any of the functional areas of planning (e.g. transportation, housing, economic development, environmental planning, etc.), and may be project-specific or focused on larger comprehensive planning activities. Pick a case study (NOT the South Mountain Freeway discussed in class) for which you can find adequate details and information about the urban problem being addressed. You must find a minimum of three sources of information about your case study. All sources must be properly cited and referenced.
Write an essay that clearly addresses the following for the wicked problem you identified:
–Explain the background of the urban planning problem being addressed –Discuss why the problem is a “wicked” one:
–Why is the problem itself difficult to define?
–Why are the causes of the problem uncertain?
–Why is there no obvious solution?
–How is the problem linked to other problems?
–Discuss the public sector and private sector stakeholders involved, and how conflicting values contribute to the “wicked” nature of the problem
Your written essay should be roughly 2-3 single-spaced pages in length, and should be written in essay format (i.e. include an introductory and concluding paragraph, and content paragraphs consisting of well-structured complete sentences).
Discussion: Theory, Research, and Evidence-Based Practice As they explore the world around them, young children often want to know the “why” and “how” of the things they observe. This is similar to what researchers do when they approach a new problem. Researchers develop new theories or build on old ones to explain the “why” of the world around them. They use models and conceptual frameworks to help explain “how” the processes and events they observe occur. Together, theories and models provide an understanding of the world and allow researchers to explore it in meaningful ways.Virtually all research questions can benefit from the use of an existing theory or model. Researchers should consider their research questions and select the most suitable theory or model, which then serves as a foundation for the research design. The selection of a theory or model is an important part of the research process.In this Discussion, you focus on the role of theory and models in research and evidence-based practice. To prepare: Review the information in Chapter 6 of the course text. Focus on the various conceptual theories and models that are currently used in nursing research.Select one of the theories or models described that is of interest to you.Using the Walden Library, search for and identify a research article that uses the theory or model you selected.Reflect on how the theory or model provides structure to the research study described in the article.Now, think about an issue in your practice area that you would be interested in exploring through research.Review this week’s media presentation and consider strategies for locating and identifying a relevant theory or model for a research study. Post a summary of the article that you located and explain how the theory or model that you selected was used in the research study. Assess the value of basing research on an established theory or model. Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses. Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days using one or more of the following approaches:Ask a probing question, substantiated with additional background information, and evidence.Share an insight from having read your colleagues’ postings, synthesizing the information to provide new perspectives.Offer and support an alternative perspective using readings from the classroom or from your own review of the literature in the Walden Library. Please go though the Grading Rubic please Required ReadingsPolit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2017). Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice (10th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.Chapter 2, “Evidence-Based Nursing: Translating Research Evidence into Practice” (Review pages 14–31)Chapter 6, “Theoretical Frameworks” In this chapter, you are introduced to the concept of theories, models, and frameworks and how they serve as the foundation for research. The chapter examines key theories for both quantitative and qualitative research. Finally, critiquing frameworks in research reports is detailed.Cantrell, M. A. (2011). Demystifying the research process: Understanding a descriptive comparative research design. Pediatric Nursing, 37(4), 188–189.Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. This article discusses the primary aspects of a prominent quantitative research design as used in a specific research study. The author analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of the design, along with the rationale for choosing that design.Finn, P. (2011). Critical thinking: Knowledge and skills for evidence-based practice. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 42(1), 69–72.Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. This article responds to the assertion that “rational or critical thinking is an essential complement to evidence-based practice.” The author stipulates how critical thinking is relevant to EBP, what skills and thinking dispositions are important, and how thinking can go wrong.Tagney, J., & Haines, C. (2009). Using evidence-based practice to address gaps in nursing knowledge. British Journal of Nursing (BJN), 18(8), 484–489.Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. This article illuminates key barriers to undertaking and implementing nursing research. The authors suggest a framework for improving the implementation of evidence and research.MediaLaureate Education (Producer). (2012i). Selecting a framework. Baltimore, MD: Author. Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 3 minutes. This animated video shows the process of selecting a particular research framework. The video follows a specific scenario in which a researcher considers several possible frameworks and selects the most appropriate one.